Medals and Decorations
Medals and decorations are often issued by governments to both military and civil personnel. Civilians are often awarded them for distinguished service / conduct or merit in their profession. Sometimes civilians are given gallantry medals in the case of them performing heroic deeds.
The Police forces of the world issue medals to their personnel. These are usually for merit or bravery and this category tends to be considered as "civil" awards rather than military awards.
The armed forces generally issue medals either for distinguished service / merit, gallantry or as campaign medals. The latter category denoting participation in a military campaign.
Both civilians, police personnel and armed forces personnel can be eligible for medals issued to commemorate a Royal event such as a Coronation or Jubilees (and occasionally for other Royal events). Examples of this are the Queen's Golden (2002) and Diamond (2012) medals.